Old mine cut diamonds date back to the 1830's and were common up until the turn of the century. They are the earliest form of the modern brilliant cut. Old mine diamonds were faceted by hand in an almost round shape with a high crown, small table and open culet. Old mine diamonds were cut for candlelight which makes them sparkle in even dim light.
The old European diamond has a very small table, a heavy crown, and great overall depth. This diamond cut was the fore-runner of the modern brilliant cut. Like the modern round brilliant, the old European diamond has a circular girdle. European diamonds have an unforgettable sparkle.
The cushion cut diamond was one of the most popular cuts of diamonds ever. For more than 70 years from 1830 to the turn of the century this was how diamonds were cut. Sometimes referred to as a "pillow cut", the cushion cut has an open culet (the bottom of the diamond) and a rectangular to square shape with rounded corners. The beauty of a cushion cut is the depth of the diamond. The facets allow the eye to travel into the diamond. It is a calmer more soothing cut than a modern cut.